Horse Trusts

liability release boarding contract horse lawHow do you feel when see one of those posts on social media about horses whose owner has died or been incapacitated, that are headed for a kill pen if funds can’t be raised to care for them? Do you think it’s tragic and will never happen to you and your horse? Or does the whole thing disturb you to the point where you lie awake at 3 am, wondering what will happen to your horse if something unexpected happens to you? Unfortunately, this kind of thing can happen to almost anyone. Luckily, there is a legal vehicle that allows you to plan for your horse’s future in the event you are incapacitated or die. That document is called a pet trust, and you can have one for every animal in your family, not just your horse. As of January 2017, every state and the District of Columbia had some form of legislation that allows pet trusts.

Under the law, horses are considered property. This means someone literally cannot legally step in and take care of your horse if anything happens to you because they do not own your horse. For example, if you are in a coma and your riding buddy decides to move your horse to a less expensive boarding barn during that time so she can take over board payments for you, she could be charged with theft, no matter how good her intentions. But she could not access your checking account to make the regular monthly board payments she knows you would want to make, to keep your horse where it’s been. She would literally be helpless to intervene if the barn owner decided he had to file legal papers to seize your horse and then sell it to pay for unpaid boarding costs if several months went by while you were incapacitated and unable to take care of things. That’s how situations like the one in those tragic posts we see develop.

The way around this problem is to create a horse trust. The trust becomes active if you are incapacitated or when you die. If you are incapacitated, it is no longer active and returns control to you once you have capacity to handle matters concerning your horse.

A horse trust gives you the ability to provide funds for your horse’s care and to include specific instructions concerning that care. When you set up the trust, you set aside enough money in it to take care of your horse in the manner you prefer. How much money should you put into the trust? It depends on how long you want it to last. Write down a monthly budget that shows how much it costs to take care of your horse. Then decide how many months you want to provide care. For example, you may want to provide care for six months and then have a provision that if you have not regained capacity by then, you want your horse sold to someone or given to a specific person. If you want your horse taken care of after your death, you could put in enough money to care for him for several years. Make sure that the amount is reasonable, though. While horse trusts are generally not challenged in court, an argument could be made to reduce the amount you have left for care if one of your relatives or someone you left an inheritance to claim that it was excessive. Keep in mind that you can add money to the trust. So, start with what you can afford and add more if that works best for your budget.

A horse trust also allows you to name a trustee, which is the person who will take care of your horse if something happens to you. You can be as specific or general as you want concerning that care. You can leave it up to the trustee, or you can put in specific provisions you want the trustee to follow. For instance, you can include directions concerning where your horse is stabled, how she should be fed, and additional instructions about the farrier and vet visits. You can even stipulate specific things such as how you want your horse to be blanketed and special treats she should get fed. It’s always a good idea to talk to the person you want to name as trustee before you set up the trust, to make sure she can take on that responsibility and is comfortable following your directions for your horse’s care.

When you decide you’re ready to create a horse trust, contact an equine lawyer or animal lawyer in your state so you can be sure the state’s legal requirements for the trust are met. If you are a Massachusetts resident, please feel free to contact me to discuss one. Be sure to revisit the trust every year to make sure the funds you’ve set aside are still adequate and to make sure you don’t want to change any of the instructions for your horse’s care. Then enjoy the peace of mind of knowing your horse will never be the “star” of a social media plea for rescue from a trip to the kill pen. You can rest well knowing she’ll be taken care of if anything unexpected ever happens to you.